Breaking down essay topics is hard. It requires you to follow trails in your mind until you have found a clear sense of direction.
Eventually, you will have followed so many paths, and teased out little ideas here and there, that you have a light bulb moment, your mind clears and you know what you will write.
But, as with anything in English, achieving this moment takes practice. And hard work.
The more you practice doing this, the easier it gets. As this cat can tell you:
SCRIBENDO DISCES SCRIBERE is latin for “By writing you will learn to write.”
I didn’t get a photo of the board, but I hope to make a copy of the notes that you took in class. Then I’ll pop that here.